Evaluate Sources of News & Information

Magnifying glass on newspapers

Critical thinking is a key skill in media and information literacy, and teaching people how to be better consumers of information is a fundamental task at the heart of the library profession

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Want help spotting fake news?

Follow these eight simple steps to discover the verifiability of a news piece:

  1. Consider the source: Click away from the story to investigate the site, its mission and its contact info.
  2. Read beyond: Headlines can be outrageous in an effort to get clicks. What’s the whole story?
  3. Check the author: Do a quick search on the author. Are they credible? Are they real?
  4. Supporting sources? Click on those links. Determine if the info given actually supports the story.
  5. Check the date: Reposting old news stories doesn’t mean they’re relevant to current events.
  6. Is it a joke? If it is too outlandish, it might be satire. Research the site and author to be sure.
  7. Check your biases: Consider if your own beliefs could affect your judgement.
  8. Ask the experts: Ask a librarian, or consult a fact-checking site.

Source: the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions and FactCheck.org’s “How to Spot Fake News”

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